Sudan is partly responsible for the bombing of the USS Cole while in the Yemeni port of Aden in October 2000, says the judge presiding over a US civil suit brought against the African nation by the bombing victims' surviving members. Experts, including former CIA Director James Woolsey, testified that Sudan had given safe haven to bin Laden's al-Qaeda terrorist network since 1991. Former DCI Woolsey said the attack may still have been possible, but it would not have been as easy without state-sponsorship from Sudan.
In a statement, Judge Doumar said, "I don't think there's any question that there is substantial evidence in this case, presented by expert testimony, that the government of Sudan induced the particular bombing of the Cole." Sudan has had $68 million in frozen assets since the United States put them on the State Sponsors of Terrorism list. The families of the victims are expected to be paid from these funds.